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4th World Congress on Midwifery, Maternal Health and Gynecology, will be organized around the theme “”

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Midwifery is a science of women's health that deals specifically with pregnancy and the care of newborns. In fact, the welfare science and welfare call childbirth aid that manages pregnancy, labor and the baby blues period (including infant care), despite the sexual well-being and regenerative health of women throughout their lives, is part of midwifery. A maternity care specialist is known as a childbirth specialist. It consolidates the measures taken to neutralize therapeutic problems during pregnancy, the domain of strange conditions, obtaining restorative help when it is fundamental and carrying out emergency measures without corrective help.

 

Maternal health is the health of women during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period. It encompasses the health care dimensions of family planning, preconception, prenatal and postnatal care to ensure a positive and fulfilling experience, in most cases, and to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality, in others case. Maternal health revolves around the health and well-being of women, especially when they are pregnant, during childbirth and while raising children.

 

A doctor who specializes in women's reproductive health is called a gynecologist. A doctor who takes care of women during their pregnancy and right after the baby is born is called obstetricians. A specialty of medicine which has a certain expertise in the consideration of women during pregnancy and labor and in the analysis and treatment of diseases of female regenerative organs. It also works in other women's medical issues, for example, menopause, hormonal issues, contraception (prevention of conception), and infertility called gynecology and obstetrics.

 

Obstetrics is the field of study concentrated on pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period. As a medical specialty, obstetrics is combined with gynecology under the discipline known as obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN), which is a surgical field.  The main tasks of the obstetrician are to diagnose and support a woman during pregnancy, to deliver her child and to provide the new mother with adequate postnatal care. Cesarean section is the most important surgical operation, which is performed by obstetricians. Episiotomy, a surgical procedure in which an incision is used to widen the vaginal opening to facilitate childbirth, is also common.

 

Women's health has long been a concern, but nowadays it has reached a point of supreme concern. In general, men and women share comparative health challenges; the only difference is that women's health deserves special attention. Often treated as the only regenerative health of women, many gatherings argue over a broader definition of general women's health, better communicated as “women's health”.

 

Reproductive medicine deals with issues of sex education, puberty, family planning, childbirth control, infertility, reproductive disorders (including sexually transmitted diseases), and sexual dysfunction. It is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and management of reproductive problems. The goals include improving and maintaining reproductive health and making it possible for people to have children when they choose.

Commonly, infertility is known to not have the ability to get pregnant (consider) after a year of unprotected sex. Infertility is the inability to become pregnant / impregnate or carry a pregnancy to term. There are many reasons for infertility, including some that drug mediation can treat. A woman is considered infertile if she has been trying to get pregnant for a year and has not used anti-concept drugs. A man is considered infertile if he has too many sperm or if his sperm are too unhappy to even consider combining with a female egg.

Pregnancy complications are health problems that arise during pregnancy. They can relate to the health of the mother, the health of the baby, or both. Some women have health problems before they become pregnant that could lead to complications. Other problems arise during pregnancy. Whether a complication is common or rare, there are ways to manage the problems that arise during pregnancy.

Some problems that are faced by the pregnant women are as follows:

Anemia in pregnancy

Bleeding during pregnancy

Itching during pregnancy

Some pregnant women experience excessive nausea and vomiting. 

Childbirth is the most common and complications arise, but a woman's body is designed to give birth to a child. Pelvic shape, hormones, strong muscles and more work together to help you deliver your baby - before, during and after delivery.

 

Antenatal care is the period of care you get even during pregnancy. Schedule an antenatal visit as soon as you think you are pregnant. These visits help you have a healthy pregnancy and can help find problems sooner than they turn out to be serious for you or your child. Your doctor will need to see you every 4 to 6 weeks for the first 6 months of pregnancy. You will need to see your healthcare professional more frequently during the last 3 months of your pregnancy. 

Postnatal care (PNC) is the care given to the mother and her newborn baby immediately after the birth and for the first six weeks of period. After childbirth, a mother goes through many physical and emotional changes as she learns to care for her newborn baby. Therefore, postpartum or postnatal care involves proper rest, nutrition and vaginal care for the mother for faster recovery.